This Is my favourite breakfast on Christmas morning. Nothing beats a slice of buttered gluten-free Stollen bread. Stollen is a sweet bread that is deliciously rich, fragrant and bursting with fruit, nuts and spices, studded with marzipan nuggets and dusted with a thick coat of icing sugar.
Austrians and Germans have been baking Stollen for 700 years, calling it Christstollen as the stollen shape and appearance were reminiscent of the wrapped baby Jesus in swaddling clothes. Nowadays, Stollens are sold all over Europe just before Christmas at most bakeries. The fillings may vary, but the shape stays consistently like a snowy log, adding to that Christmas theme.
Ingredients you will need:
I love the subtle sweetness of the marzipan which reminds me of so many confectionary cakes and desserts from Austria and Germany, especially during the Christmas season. Traditionally, the marzipan is added as one whole, long piece, but I like to add them in small pieces so that each slice has several studded marzipan pieces. If you can’t find ready-made marzipan in your country, I have added a recipe for homemade marzipan.
Almonds and bitter almond extract/regular almond extract
Please try to use the best almonds you can get, together with either almond extract, bitter almond extract or rose water extract to make the most authentic and amazing marzipan. Bitter almond extract is the most authentic extract used typically in Germany and Austria. If you can’t find it in your store, try online. Otherwise, using regular almond extract is s a good substitute. Rosewater gives it a more floral note to the stollen.
My gluten-free recipe uses baking powder instead of yeast which helps lighten the dough slightly. In my opinion, when yeast is added, it can overpower the sweet ingredients. It still tastes like a loaf of sweet bread, despite the lack of yeast. The result is just as good and frankly, less work and faster to bake. There is also no kneading involved – straight from the bowl to the baking tray after some resting time.
Stollen spice mix
The stollen spice mix is a blend of cinnamon, nutmeg, ginger, aniseed, cloves and allspice. I have also included a gluten-free homemade stollen spice mix to give the stollen that very authentic spice taste.
Besides flour, eggs, butter and sugar, you will also need:
- Walnuts or Pecans
- Pistachio nuts
- Candied lemon pieces
- An orange
- Rum or Cointreau or Orange Syrup/Cordial (if you prefer not to use alcohol)
- Sour Cream
- Baking powder (please note most baking powders are gluten-free but double-check the packet to be sure)
- Xanthan gum (the infamous gluten-free binder that makes baking possible!!)
For the gluten-free homemade stollen spice mix
Enough for one recipe
(makes nearly 3 teaspoons)
- 1 teaspoon cinnamon powder
- ½ teaspoon nutmeg powder
- ½ teaspoon allspice
- ¼ teaspoon ground cloves
- ¼ teaspoon ground ginger
- ¼ teaspoon ground aniseed
Enough for a small jar
- 4 teaspoons cinnamon powder
- 2 teaspoons nutmeg powder
- 2 teaspoons allspice
- 1 teaspoon ground cloves
- 1 teaspoon ground ginger
- 1 teaspoon ground aniseed
Mix well together and use in this recipe or store in an airtight, small jar
For the homemade marzipan
- 250g whole almonds, peeled
- 135g icing sugar, sieved
- 2 teaspoons rose water extract
- ½ teaspoon almond extract or bitter almond extract
- Dry the almonds in the oven for 20 minutes at 100°C/ 210°F.
- Allow to cool completely.
- Process the almonds into a fine mixture. You may need to do this several times.
- Put the fine almond mixture into a mixing bowl and add the sugar and extracts, mixing well until it takes shape into a marzipan mass.
- Mould the dough into a rectangular shape.
- Wrap in plastic wrap, store in a sealed container and keep in the refrigerator until further use.
Keeps for 6 weeks chilled.
For the stollen
- 325g store-bought or homemade gluten-free plain flour
- 3 teaspoons gluten-free baking powder
- 1 teaspoon xanthan gum
- 3 eggs, lightly beaten
- 6 tablespoons butter, melted and slightly cooled
- 250ml sour cream
- 75ml buttermilk
- 100g caster sugar
- 2 teaspoons vanilla extract
- 2 teaspoons bitter or regular almond extract
- 70g pistachios, whole
- 70g pecans or walnuts, halved
- 1 washed orange, grated zest only
- 200g store-bought or homemade marzipan, chopped into small pieces
- 100g raisins soaked in 3 tablespoons of rum or Cointreau for 20 minutes
- 2 tablespoons candied lemon pieces
- 2 ¾ teaspoons gluten-free homemade stollen spice mix
- Tapioca flour, for dusting hands
- Icing sugar, for dusting the cooked stolen
- Soaking of raisins: 20 minutes
- Preparation time: 30 minutes
- Baking time: 55 minutes
1. Preheat the oven to 170°C/325°F.
2. Whisk the flour, baking powder and xanthan gum together in a medium bowl.
3. Add the eggs, 3 tablespoons melted butter, sour cream, buttermilk and sugar. Mix well.
4. Add the vanilla & almond extracts, nuts, orange zest, marzipan, drained raisins (leave the rum or Cointreau out), candied lemon pieces and homemade stollen spice mix. Mix well.
5. With dusted-tapioca floured hands, transfer the stollen dough to a lined baking tray, moulding it into a long oblong loaf approximately to 35 by 15 cm.
6. Bake for 40 minutes on the middle shelf. The stollen should appear golden after 40 minutes.
7. Cover the stollen with some foil to prevent it from burning and lower the oven to 150°C/ 300°F. Bake for a further 15 minutes.
9. Rest the baking tray on a wire mesh and Immediately brush the stollen with the remaining melted butter and dust generously with the icing sugar. This step will give the stollen its typical sugary coating.
Keeps for 5 days at room temperature covered in plastic film and in a sealed container
Makes approximately 14 slices
Stollen can be made well- ahead before Christmas as it freezes extremely well for 3 months. Simply, slice the stollen and separate each slice with baking paper before freezing. Reheat straight from frozen in a low oven 170°C/325°F for 10-15 minutes covered in foil. Perfect for Christmas morning!