Brazilian Cheese Puffs – a savoury snack for any time of the day!

I came across these addictive cheese puffs at the United Nations Christmas Fair in Vienna. Every December, many countries prepare and sell their nation’s typical food and the money goes to charity. The Brazilian stand is always popular for its cheese puffs which originally comes from the state of Minas Gerais in Brazil. In Brazil, they are typically eaten at breakfast, as an afternoon snack or at parties.

Key Ingredients
Strong cheese

Traditionally, the puffs are made with the cheese from Minas Gerais, but as this is hard to come by, Emmental cheese works well for its gooeyness and mature cheese flavour. If Emmental is not easily found, Monterey Jack or a mature Cheddar are good substitutes.

Tapioca or potato starch

The dough is typically made with tapioca starch – Brazil being the top exporter of this starch. If you can’t find tapioca starch, potato starch gives the same result for that crunchy shell and soft, fluffy interior.

Optional ingredients

This spice is not a traditional ingredient, but I feel it brings out the flavour of the cheese in the puffs. Feel free to leave it out if you are not a fan of nutmeg or want the authentic version of Pao de Queijo.

Different fillings

Try different fillings by adding small pieces of ham, green olives or small pieces of pickled artichoke together with the cheese. If you fancy some spice, adding some chopped pickled jalepeños will give a nice heat.

* *

This recipe makes between plenty of bite-size puffs, perfect as a snack or to serve with drinks at a get-together or party. Children love these too, so give these a go at their next birthday party as a savoury snack.

a basket full of gluten-free brazilian cheese puffs

Brazilian Cheese Puffs (Pao de Queijo)

by Sandra, Fun Without Gluten
These are naturally gluten-free baked snacks from Brazil using tapioca or potato starch and strong cheese. Enjoy these cheese puffs at breakfast, as an afternoon snack or at parties. Children love them too!
5 from 3 votes
Prep Time 40 minutes
Cook Time 20 minutes
Dough Resting Time 20 minutes
Total Time 1 hour 20 minutes
Course Appetizer, baking, Breakfast, Kids' Snacks, Party Food
Cuisine Brazilian, Vegetarian
Servings 28 puffs


  • 150 g Emmental cheese, grated (or Monterey Jack or mature Cheddar)
  • 200 ml milk
  • 100 ml sunflower oil
  • 1 tsp salt
  • 1 tsp white pepper
  • ½ tsp ground nutmeg (optional)
  • 250 g  tapioca or potato starch
  • 2 eggs, lightly beaten


  • Gather all the ingredients together.
    ingredients displayed to make gluten-free brazilian cheese puffs

Preparing the dough

  • In a large pot, heat the milk, oil, salt, white pepper and nutmeg on medium heat for 7 minutes. It should reach 90°C/195°F. If you don’t have a food thermometer, after 7 minutes you will know it has reached the right temperature as the milk mixture will appear frothy with some light bubbling.
    Heating the milk to the right temperature using a thermometer
  • Add the tapioca starch and mix well using a wooden spoon until the mixture is just combined. Don’t be put off if you notice the dough looking straggly and crumbly.
    adding the tapioca starch to the warm milk mixutre
  • Remove from heat and allow to cool for 10 minutes.
  • Add the eggs and grated cheese to the tapioca mixture.
    adding the eggs to the tapioca mixture
  • Beat well for around 5 minutes using a wooden spoon until a soft dough forms. You could use a stand mixer for this step if you prefer.
    The gluten-free brazilian puff dough in a stand mixer
  • Cover with a tea towel and rest for 20 minutes.

Baking the Cheese Puffs

  • Preheat the oven to 180°C/350°F.
  • Line several baking trays with baking paper or silicone mats. Using a small 4cm ice-cream scoop or large tablespoon, place each dough ball 5cm apart.
    scopping balls of cheese puff dough on to a baking sheet
  • Bake for 20 minutes, or until puffed and golden. 
    several brazilian cheese puffs baked on a baking tray
  • The bottom of each puff should have a nice crisp finish.
    showing the bottom of the cheese puff to indicate how crisp they look
  • Serve immediately as a snack or a side to salads or soups.


  • Best eaten on the same day
  • Can be reheated in the oven for 5 minutes covered with foil
  • Suitable to freeze unbaked dough balls. No need to defrost. Can be baked straight from frozen
Try different fillings by adding small pieces of ham, green olives or small pieces of pickled artichoke together with the cheese. If you fancy some spice, adding some chopped pickled jalepeños will give a nice heat.
Keyword gluten-free brazilian cheese puffs, gluten-free pao de queijo
Tried this recipe?Let us know how it was!
Please mention @fun_without_gluten or tag #funwithoutgluten!
split brazilian cheese puff on a plate


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